Nino Khukhua (LDA Georgia, Executive Director)




Local Democracy Agency Georgia (LDA Georgia)

Level of involvement in the CPDE:

LDA Georgia is a Black Sea forum member, actively involved into civil engagement group.


Which is the most significant and paradigmatic story of a development

partnership that you have experienced?

Georgian Parliament approved the new chapter “Citizens' participation in local governance” in the Code of Georgian Local Governance (22.07.2015). In 2016, LDA Georgia was actively involved in the implementation process of the new civic engagement mechanisms based on the Code of Georgian Local Governance within the Project “Participate in Governance”, in particular:

LDA Georgia, together with other CSOs (15-20 NGO), academia, media, local government officials and business representatives among others created and facilitated (LDA Georgia) a working group on citizen engagement methods and their real-life application mechanisms. This working group invited a foreign expert from the European Association for Local Democracies, who conducted a desk research on best international practices of citizen engagement, consolidated information and shared it with the advisory group on a regular basis. In cooperation and strong collaboration with the expert, the working group developed and published (200 copies) a guideline on citizen engagement and its real-life application mechanisms.

- Guideline on citizen engagement mechanisms for decision makers and citizens.

LDA Georgia conducted regular meetings with the Imereti region municipalities to advocate for the guidelines’ approval and further legislate on citizen engagement forms and mechanisms as recommended by the working group and expert’ guidelines. LDA Georgia conducted trainings in the settlements on self-government, advocacy, civic mobilization and citizen engagement. Finally, trained citizens and the working group members co-organized the community-wide meetings in all 6 settlements in order to elect the Leader (Rcheuli).

The elected Leaders together with the community members present at these ongoing meetings identified the community problems and created action plans accordingly in order to properly address them.

- Brochure about CSOs working group on the civil / citizen engagement in Imereti (Georgia).

Which was the monitoring role of the CSOs?

Involvement as

project partners


“Community meetings” are quite new mechanisms for citizen engagement in Georgia as stated and described in laws (Code) on local governance, but they are not too often implemented without the support and guidance of a CSO-wide organization such as LDA Georgia.

Through this Project (“Participate in Governance”), trained citizens and the working group members co-organized the community-wide meetings in all 6 settlements to elect the Leader (Rcheuli). More than 20 percent of registered voters came to the meeting, and chose their leader (“Rcheuli”) the upper village resident, Mr. Gocha Nutsubidze. Community members discussed the new road building project scheduled for 2017.


Bringing in consultation and

involvement of the community

affected by the project

Research and



What type of monitoring of government-led DPs is occurring in your country?

Open to all stakeholders,

and include their ideas

Open to all stakeholders, but doesn’t include their ideas

Open to a few, chosen stakeholders, and include their ideas

Open to a few, chosen stakeholders, but does not include their ideas

Not open at all

Which are the actors or development agents that had participated in

the Development partnership that you describe in this story?



Kyrgyz Republic










Private Sector


Other Agents

Kutaisi city hall as the public body; ALDA and LDA Georgia as part of civil society members.

During  meetings attendees spoke about the obstacles and difficulties encountered so far, particularly on how attitudes of locals in some villages can later on hinder the implementation of some activities within this process as foreseen in the Code of Georgian Local Governance.

Finally and as a result of this process, LDA Georgia mobilized the first community meeting in Tskaltubo Municipality, village “Zemo Chuneshi,” within this "Participate in Governance" project:

Community meeting in Tskaltubo/Chuneshi village.




How could you define the dialogue process between the

multistakeholders involved in the Development Partnership?

Lack of proper listening, cycling the same arguments, no learning.

Encouraging listening and taking voices into account

What kind of monitoring processes is being done?

Ad hoc exercises

(specific for the process)

Regular reviews/on-going


Qualitative/quantitative assessments

or evaluations.

Could you explain how the four-development effectiveness principles were used

as monitoring criteria in the experience you are presenting?

By clicking on the round circles in the graphic you could read more about how the principle has been used.

Key Primary Tool

Used somehow

Principle not used in the monitoring

Ownership of development priorities by developing counties

 Recipient countries define the development model that they want to implement.

Focus on results

Having a sustainable impact   should be the driving force behind investments and effort in development policy making

Partnerships for development

 Development depends on the participation of all actors, and recognises the diversity and complementarity of their functions.

 Transparency and shared responsibility

Development co-operation must be transparent and accountable to all citizens.

How has the Human Rights Based Approach been used as

monitoring criteria in the monitoring experience you are describing?

This process has not only included and ensured effective participation of Georgian citizens / local communities in local governance as stated in the Georgian Constitution but community meetings have allowed for specific community demands on the realisation and effective provision of quality education, clean water and safe living environment with a human rights-based approach in the region.

Not at all

Key Primary Tool

How did the government or other stakeholders react after

you have presented the monitoring initiative/some monitoring results?

On January 13, 2017 the Local Government of Tskaltubo (village and municipality) sent the prepared statement / letter of this village to the Ministry of Regional Development of Georgia as well as the Infrastructure Fund Executive Director which finally resulted in a resolution on the necessity to rehabilitate infrastructure
(N. lortkipanidzis museum access road rehabilitation).

Monitoring experiences from CSOs like the one in my story happen in my country...



Which capacities do you consider as key in order to realise this monitoring experience?

Capacity to relate, by participation in coalitions and networks of CSOs to engage engaging at multiple levels,

with the community and a variety of stakeholders

Capacity to foster dialogue with government and other stakeholder. Convene around a common landscape

Communication and outreach capacity. Counting with media in reaching and influencing public opinion.

Capacity to conduct evidence-based research and policy papers.

Capacity to commit and act, through a well-elaborated strategy for lobby and advocacy.

Capacity to conduct Lobby and Advocacy representing right-holders, from a legitimate, accountable and trustworthy representation.

Capability to mobilise public support and create and maintain operational space. Contributing to the public debate and maintain legitimacy of representation.

Capability to ensure organisational sustainability (with financial sustainability and capability to attract and retain qualified staff)

Capacity to adapt and renew, pro-act to changing external contexts. Organizations should be able to monitor changing circumstances and respond accordingly.

Capacity of culture of learning and innovation in the organisation. Developing an own learning agenda

Which are, in your opinion, the capacities needed to conduct a good monitoring of Development partnerships?

Enhanced capacity on social accountability tools.

Skills to be able to foster dialogue and engage government at different tiers.

Research since this is the bedrock for successful advocacy actions.

Strengthened coordination among civil society organizations.

Skills to engage local communities and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) to be a part of development partnerships monitoring.



To which extent has this experience been articulated through networks and
shared at regional level in other countries?

Not so much, shared through reports and presentations at forums but not so extensively as one would love, including within the region. This could also be attributed to limited resources for learning and sharing within the region

Which is the projection of the organisation/network at the moment

in their national and international context?

”Coordination of other CSOs around policy input and monitoring for development corporation especially around poverty reduction"

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