Christine Andela




Collectif des ONG pour la sécurité alimentaire et le Développement Rural (COSADER)

Level of involvement in the CPDE:

COSADER is the coordinating focal point for CPDE in Central Africa.


Which is the most significant and paradigmatic story of a development

partnership that you have experienced?

COSADER is a collective of organizations working on food and nutrition security issues set up in 1996 as a prelude to the World Food Summit held in Rome in November of the same year. COSADER's mission within the Cameroonian civil society is to act as a catalyst for collaboration and information sharing among various CSOs. Thus, it has contributed to the implementation of partnership-driven initiatives such as Dynamique citoyenne (a network set up in 2006 that is focused on the independent monitoring of public policies); the National Partnership Against Hunger in 2012; the National Platform of CSOs in Cameroon (PLANOSCAM) in 2013; and the Scale Up Nutrition Partnership (SUN) in 2015. In this quest for the coalition of civil society forces, COSADER has been involved in the independent monitoring of the Debt Reduction-Development Contract (C2D). Since the launch of the independent monitoring of the C2D (Debt reduction-Development Contract) in 2008 in Cameroon, the

Debt Reduction-Development Contract (C2D) the regional interviewers for the C2D Independent Monitoring --membres of COSADER-- travel from place to place in order to host the C2D projects. In this context, they conducted research to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of C2D projects on beneficiary populations during 2016. The research also aimed at highlighting the irregularities or malfunctions of the projects during their implementation in real time.

The most significant aspect of this work has been COSADER's ability to mobilize all partners of CSD in Cameroon — public authorities, private sector, civil society and beneficiary populations. This was made possible through the establishment of the "citizen dialogue" held in all the debriefing meetings to present the results of the researches.


Cameroon Gallery

How was the process of Monitoring this Development Partnership?

COSADER works on the independent monitoring along with other CSOs. Initially, our work aimed to organize the independent monitoring, in particular by setting up a technical committee and other sectoral committees related to the areas covered by the C2D. After that, we identified the C2D projects linked to the areas of education, health, and agriculture. Thirdly, we requested the project documents from each ministry, and the Technical Committee assigned the reading and appropriation of the projects to the monitoring teams. Subsequently, we established a series of working contacts with some organizations that implement these projects on-site, like some organizations supported by the French Cooperation as AFOB. The Technical Committee has developed specific monitoring indicators because the 2016 monitoring concerns the impact of the projects on the beneficiaries. These indicators are partly inspired by a Human Rights-Based Approach, with particular emphasis on gender.

The next step to follow was the training of the interviewers. For this purpose, we drafted a guide for interviewers, which helped to support the training. It consisted in a physical monitoring of projects. Therefore, the next step was to identify an adequate location for the project, taking into account elements such as the department, the neighborhood, the village, and the community.

This step also consisted in collecting information regarding the project implementation officer.

In order to monitor the impact of the project on beneficiaries, the research team developed a survey and gave it to individuals and focus groups (including young people and women) on site. The research team also met with the implementers of the project and the local representatives of the relevant ministries.

The data collection was followed by the drafting of monitoring reports based on the observed facts, their analysis, the impact measurement, and the recommendations. The submission of these reports took place on 8 February 2017 and resulted in the opening of a dialogue between all stakeholders; notably civil society representatives, the ministries of Education, Health and Employment, the participatory development program, and the National Commission on Human Rights and Freedom.


Which was the monitoring role of the CSOs?

Involvement as

project partners


Bringing in consultation and

involvement of the community

affected by the project

Research and



What type of monitoring of government-led DPs is occurring in your country?

In Cameroon, the Government favors a limited monitoring of public authorities. This restriction is the reason why the civil society and COSADER have chosen to advocate for what we call "independent monitoring". It has been difficult to get it accepted by the public authorities, but we strive to work on it and to insist on its institutionalization. The institutionalization of the C2D Independent Monitoring for the next C2D3 is already a sign of our recent victory on this issue.

Open to all stakeholders,

and include their ideas

Open to all stakeholders, but doesn’t include their ideas

Open to a few, chosen stakeholders, and include their ideas

Open to a few, chosen stakeholders, but does not include their ideas

Not open at all

Which are the actors or development agents that had participated in

the Development partnership that you describe in this story?


Private Sector


Other Agents


Kyrgyz Republic










How could you define the dialogue process between the

multistakeholders involved in the Development Partnership?

Lack of proper listening, cycling the same arguments, no learning.

Encouraging listening and taking voices into account

What kind of monitoring processes is being done?

Ad hoc exercises

(specific for the process)

Regular reviews/on-going


Qualitative/quantitative assessments

or evaluations.

Could you explain how the four-development effectiveness principles were used

as monitoring criteria in the experience you are presenting?

By clicking on the round circles in the graphic you could read more about how the principle has been used.

Key Primary Tool

Used somehow

Principle not used in the monitoring

Ownership of development priorities by developing counties

 Recipient countries define the development model that they want to implement.

Focus on results

Having a sustainable impact   should be the driving force behind investments and effort in development policy making

Partnerships for development

 Development depends on the participation of all actors, and recognises the diversity and complementarity of their functions.

 Transparency and shared responsibility

Development co-operation must be transparent and accountable to all citizens.

How has the Human Rights Based Approach been used as

monitoring criteria in the monitoring experience you are describing?

Considering the objective of independent monitoring, the interviewer's guide was drafted from a human rights-based perspective.

Not at all

Key Primary Tool

How did the government or other stakeholders react after

you have presented the monitoring initiative/some monitoring results?

The public authorities’ representatives often adopt a defensive attitude, while the French cooperation appreciates the quality and the added value of our work.

Monitoring experiences from CSOs like the one in my story happen in my country...

Public authorities encourage the joint monitoring of projects by all stakeholders at the same time and thus, independent monitoring is an innovation.



Which capacities do you consider as key in order to realise this monitoring experience?

Capacity to relate, by participation in coalitions and networks of CSOs to engage engaging at multiple levels,

with the community and a variety of stakeholders

Capacity to foster dialogue with government and other stakeholder. Convene around a common landscape

Communication and outreach capacity. Counting with media in reaching and influencing public opinion.

Capacity to conduct evidence-based research and policy papers.

Capacity to commit and act, through a well-elaborated strategy for lobby and advocacy.

Capacity to conduct Lobby and Advocacy representing right-holders, from a legitimate, accountable and trustworthy representation.

Capability to mobilise public support and create and maintain operational space. Contributing to the public debate and maintain legitimacy of representation.

Capability to ensure organisational sustainability (with financial sustainability and capability to attract and retain qualified staff)

Capacity to adapt and renew, pro-act to changing external contexts. Organizations should be able to monitor changing circumstances and respond accordingly.

Capacity of culture of learning and innovation in the organisation. Developing an own learning agenda

The capacity grown through the organisation trajectory:

Since its conception, COSADER is a collective and therefore, we have been promoting networking for a very long time. Partnership is a form of networking, and that is the reason why we are pioneers in Cameroon in monitoring public policies and in multi-stakeholder dialogue.


Regarding this project that we are monitoring with other CSOs, the added value of our participation also lies in the experience gained as the CPDE focal point in Central Africa. This is how we were the first to organize seminars in order to raise awareness on the Istanbul principles and the key areas and principles of the Busan Partnership.


Key competences

Research, monitoring and evaluation, community mobilization and public policy analysis.

Which are, in your opinion, the capacities needed to conduct a good monitoring of Development partnerships?

Monitoring and evaluation of projects

Multi-stakeholder dialogue capacity

Research-driven documentation of facts

Advocacy and lobbying

Community mobilization skills

Search for funding


To which extent has this experience been articulated through networks and
shared at regional level in other countries?

The experience was shared with all member organizations of Plateforme Dette and Dynamique citoyenne. The civil society of the countries who contacted the C2D with France came in consultation with Cameroon to learn from our independent monitoring: it is the case of Côte d'Ivoire and Togo.

Which is the projection of the organisation/network at the moment

in their national and international context?

The experience was shared with all member organizations of Plateforme Dette and Dynamique citoyenne. The civil society of the countries who contacted the C2D with France came in consultation with Cameroon to learn from our independent monitoring: it is the case of Côte d'Ivoire and Togo.

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