Country Profile

With about 230 million people, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous country and holds the world’s largest Muslim population. Located in Southeast Asia and Oceania, Indonesia comprises 17,508 islands and contains one of the world’s largest biodiversity. By May 1998, popular protest across the country forced then dictator Suharto to resign. Indonesia has established a more democratic system since 1999; however, poverty is still wide spread and inequality is rising while the country struggles with a post-dictator debt burden. The relatively low national poverty line, however, masks the numbers of ‘near-poor’ that are on the verge of sliding into poverty.

Containing a substantial part of the world’s untapped resources and large tropical forests, Indonesia is of immense importance not only on issues like the global flight against climate change.

Country Facts

Poverty Headcount Ratio at National Poverty line (percent of pop) 16.7% (2004)
Life Expectancy at Birth, total (years) 71 (2008)
Literacy Rate, adult total (percent of people aged 15 and above) 92% (2006)
External Debt Stocks (percent of GNI) $2,050 (2009)
GNI per capita (current US $) $2,050 (2009)
GDP annual growth (percent) 4.5% (2009)
Inflation Consumer Prices (annual percent) 6.4% (2009)
Population, total 229,964,723 (2009)
Rural Population (percent of total pop) 109,049,271 (2009)
Net ODA Received (percent of central government expenditure) 0.3% (2004)
(source: WB data)

(Taken from OECD 2011)


CSO Case Stories

CSOs and Aid Effectiveness in Indonesia: Struggling with New Opportunities, Facing New Challenges
International NGO Forum for Indonesian Development (INFID), Indonesia

The presence of CSOs in Indonesia has been rooted in the struggle for independence, initiated by student and youth groups who had the opportunities and privilege to study in schools and universities both in Indonesia (then Netherlands Indies) and in the Netherlands. Religious groups too have significantly contributed to the promotion of capacities of rural and urban communities and the establishment of local social groupings. Two Islamic organizations have been prominent: a traditional Muslim organization called Nahdatul Ulama (NU) and Muhamadiyah, a modern Muslim organization. Since the beginning of the colonial period, both organizations have contributed to education, the health sector and local social and economic promotion. Several other minor religious groups to a certain extent have also contributed to these sectors in the country.

CSO Platforms

International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development (INFID)
Jl. Jatipadang Raya Kav.3 No.105 Pasar Minggu
Jakarta Selatan, 12540
Tel (62-21) 7819734, 7819735, 78840497
Fax (62-21) 78844703

Contact Person:

Don Marut

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